It’s impossible to know everything, but it’s important to know what you need. Russian verb “знать”

When you learn a foreign language, it’s of big importance to get familiar with verbs and be able to operate them well. Today let’s just dwell on the Russian verb “знать” - “know”, which we use a lot in our every day life.

Let’s conjugate it, first of all:

Present Tense

я зна́ю I know
ты зна́ешь you know
он/она/оно зна́ет he/she/it knows
мы зна́ем we know
вы зна́ете you know
они зна́ют they know

Future Tense

я буду знать I’ll know
ты будешь знать you’ll know
он/она/оно будет знать he/she/it’ll know
мы будем знать we’ll know
вы будете знать you’ll know
они будут знать they’ll know

Past Tense
я (он) знaл I knew
я (она) зна́ла I knew
ты (он) знал you knew
ты (она) зна́ла you knew
он знал he knew
она зна́ла she knew
оно зна́ло it knew
мы зна́ли we knew
вы зна́ли you knew
они зна́ли they knew

To use this verb in the conjunctive mood, you just need to use the past tense form together with the particle “бы”. For example, “знал бы”, “знала бы”,“знали бы”.

Знал бы, где упасть, так соломки бы подстелил.
Danger foreseen is half avoided.

The verb in the imperative mood, “знай” is addressed to one person, and “знайте” is addressed to two or more people.

Next, let’s just make some collocations with this word, which you can learn as a whole unit and use it easily in your every day life.

Полезно знать... It´s useful to know…
Важно знать... It’s important to know…
Интересно знать... It’s interesting to know…
Желательно знать... It’s desirable to know...
Неинтересно знать... It isn’t interesting to know…
Нужно знать... It’s necessary to know…
Необходимо знать... It’s necessary to know…
Любопытно знать... it’s curious to know…
Незачем знать… No need to know…
Знать наизусть Know by heart
Знать заранее Know in advance
Прекрасно знать Know well

With these collocations you can easily create sentence you wish to say. Let’s do just a few examples.

Мне неинтересно знать, что говорят обо мне другие.
It’s not interested for me to know what others say about me.

Мне важно знать, что я сам о себе думаю.
It’s important for me to know what I think about myself.
Невозможно знать заранее всего, что может случиться.
It is impossible to know in advance everything that can happen.

Поэтому можно просто наслаждаться жизнью здесь и сейчас.
Therefore, it’s possible to enjoy life here and now.

And let me share some phases and idioms with this verb in Russian.
If you know something very well, by heart, you can say “Я знаю это назубок”.
If you act appropriately according to your position, you can say about yourself “Я знаю своё место”
“Знать цену” is to appreciate properly someone or something.
“Как знаешь” or “как знаете” can be used as “it’s up to you”.
Много будешь знать, скоро состаришься” is said ironically to kids, who want to know everything.
So, I strongly believe that it is highly important to practice more than studying if you learn a foreign language.Just make it a part of your every day life and enjoy the process!!!

#russianforeveryone #russian #easyrussian
11. Dezember 2018
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Irina Khlynova

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Russisch
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USA
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Neu!
Spricht:
Englisch
C1
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Italienisch
C1
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Spanisch
A2
Hello everyone! I am happy to be here! Welcome everyone to my page!! I am life-time learner of foreigner languages and I really enjoy helping others to learn my native language - Russian. I graduated from the Kazakh University of World Languages and International Relations in the beautiful Almaty, Kazakhstan. My major was translations studies, but I love more teaching. I do have experience of teaching languages. I taught English to Russian speakers for two years and I taught Russian to English speakers for one year. Now I speak English, Italian, and I learn Spanish. As I am a language learner, I perfectly understand the problems one can face learning a new language. Sometimes we do work hard and then at some point we lose motivation for a while and it is so hard to start it over again. So please answer yourself: why you would like to learn Russian or other foreign language. As soon as you know your answers, it will be much easier for us find the right way to have our lessons to be done. I believe in order to remember big volumes of language vocabulary, we need to imagine some eventual situations in our mind where we need to use the new phrase we’ve learnt just now and pronounce it aloud. That way, we work on vocabulary and pronunciation at the same time. And you will see you learn new words much faster, easier and with the great fun. That is important!!! In our lessons, we also pay attention to language use, idioms, collocations, grammar structures and sentence structures and I promise that wouldn’t be boring. But we still have to handle all six Russian cases, verb tenses, Russian verbs with numerous prefixes that change the meaning of the verb (just for instance, ходить, приходить, уходить, выходить, заходить, переходить, проходить, сходить, всходить, восходить, исходить...) and other things that make some people crazy. But it is not that difficult. That might be “as easy as pie” in English, or “проще простого” in Russian. And we also have some reading in our class depending on your level, since it is the large source for vocabulary enrichment. I would be happy to discover my native language with you, since you help me look at it with your foreigner’s eyes and find the things I’ve never thought about. Thank you! I look forward for new meetings!!!
Flag
Russisch
globe
USA
time
Neu!
Spricht:
Englisch
C1
,
Italienisch
C1
,
Spanisch
A2
Hello everyone! I am happy to be here! Welcome everyone to my page!! I am life-time learner of foreigner languages and I really enjoy helping others to learn my native language - Russian. I graduated from the Kazakh University of World Languages and International Relations in the beautiful Almaty, Kazakhstan. My major was translations studies, but I love more teaching. I do have experience of teaching languages. I taught English to Russian speakers for two years and I taught Russian to English speakers for one year. Now I speak English, Italian, and I learn Spanish. As I am a language learner, I perfectly understand the problems one can face learning a new language. Sometimes we do work hard and then at some point we lose motivation for a while and it is so hard to start it over again. So please answer yourself: why you would like to learn Russian or other foreign language. As soon as you know your answers, it will be much easier for us find the right way to have our lessons to be done. I believe in order to remember big volumes of language vocabulary, we need to imagine some eventual situations in our mind where we need to use the new phrase we’ve learnt just now and pronounce it aloud. That way, we work on vocabulary and pronunciation at the same time. And you will see you learn new words much faster, easier and with the great fun. That is important!!! In our lessons, we also pay attention to language use, idioms, collocations, grammar structures and sentence structures and I promise that wouldn’t be boring. But we still have to handle all six Russian cases, verb tenses, Russian verbs with numerous prefixes that change the meaning of the verb (just for instance, ходить, приходить, уходить, выходить, заходить, переходить, проходить, сходить, всходить, восходить, исходить...) and other things that make some people crazy. But it is not that difficult. That might be “as easy as pie” in English, or “проще простого” in Russian. And we also have some reading in our class depending on your level, since it is the large source for vocabulary enrichment. I would be happy to discover my native language with you, since you help me look at it with your foreigner’s eyes and find the things I’ve never thought about. Thank you! I look forward for new meetings!!!
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